One was fitted with an anti-tank gun and the other with an artillery howitzer, like the 10.5cm leFH 18 (Sf.) by Ian V. Hogg . Transbaikal front Front of Transcaucasia Covers all aspects of warfare, but for WW2 resources by country, this is quite comprehensive. German Army Unit Formations. The purpose of this study is twofold: to give U. S. troops a comprehensive picture of German antiaircraft artillery and its use, and at the same time to furnish U. S. antiaircraft artillerymen data by which they can compare German methods with their own. By the 1939 Soviet artillery was being upgraded with the old Tsarist guns being replaced by more modern guns and howitzers. Artillery; Russian Artillery. This new technology reduced the amount of resources required to deploy one artillery gun. Please note: This post contains amazon affiliate links. In the last year of war, 1945, there were 35 weak tank divisions, including one from the Luftwaffe and seven from the Waffen-SS. Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/join/mhvThe organization and structure of a German infantry division. Baltic front One of these was the establishment of Luftwaffe Field Divisions from the relatively large surplus of Air Force personnel. Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th Century, while others were only formed as late as October 1912. Time to talk about the famous the German assault guns or as they are called in German “Sturmgeschütze”. The weak point of the artillery organization in the German army, however, was the lack of an advanced fire control system as was standard practice in the British and American armies. by George F. Nafziger (Hardcover - June 1999) German Artillery of World War Two . Central Asia Front Siberian Front (Central Siberia) If that December 7, 1941, the Japanese launched a surprise attack on the USSR instead of Pearl Harbor, the Kremlin could not have launched its winter counteroffensive at the gates of Moscow, this would have been simply deadly for the Red Army, The forces of the Japanese army in total were insufficient for a campaign in the vast maritime spaces of the Pacific, dispersed 5,000 km from their land bases, on the contrary, in Siberia they would have gained a greater concentration of fire and infantry — with secure supplies — as to attract and defeat at least 50 Soviet divisions and their effort would have been coordinated there with that of the German Army. The Sjaelland Division had its headquarters in Copenhagen and consisted of the Life Guards , the 1st, 4th and 5th Infantry Regiments, the Guards Hussars , the 1st and 2nd Field Artillery Regiments, the 13th Anti-Aircraft Battalion and an engineer battalion. to&es of small units: german and soviet organization in 1941 The essential element for war waging at the time of Barbarossa was the infantry soldier: a uniformed young man armed with a rifle. However, an army in an important section could also be significantly strengthened, reaching the size of up to a quarter of a million men. Developments of the original models led to a wide variety of guns. TOE strength of the most important division types of the German Army 1942-1945, 1st SS Panzer Division Leibstandarte-SS-Adolf Hitler, 9th SS Hohenstaufen from Arnhem to the end, Finnish Armed Forces in the Winter War 1939-40, German Orders of Battle – Battle of France, German Orders of Battle – Kursk July 1943, German Orders of Battle – Operation Barbarossa, German Orders of Battle at the armistice with France, German Orders of Battle for September 1, 1939, German Orders of Battle for the campaign in the West, May 1940, Luftwaffe and German Airborne Forces May 1940, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 1942, Luftwaffe Orders of Battle September 2, 1939. 4.0 out of 5 stars No complaints. Learn how your comment data is processed. Mar 7, 2019 - Explore David Michalski's board "Anti Tank and Artillery", followed by 228 people on Pinterest. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Even if the organizational form was handled flexibly, the battalion could consist of three regular squadrons and a heavy squadron with armored recon cars and self-propelled guns. The Kwantung army was three times larger than the Soviet forces in the Far East. However, the increasingly stringent requirements of the Russian campaign forced changes in the organization of the Wehrmacht units, which reflected the military conditions of the battles on the Eastern Front. One battalion was equipped with the now slowly aging Panzer IV and the other with the new Panzer V Panther tanks. The most famous artillery gun of World War II was the Flak 88 cannon, an 8.8 cm high-velocity weapon equally applicable for antiaircraft and antitank use. Usually, however, these heavy tanks were in independent Tiger battalions under the direct command of the Army or Army Group. It is not that German In German. Not even close, the US army had far superior artillery. 36 light anti-tank weapons (Panzerfaust, Panzerschreck). Similar to the Battle Group there was also the Armeeabteilung (army detachment), which was however numerically stronger and usually consisted of complete formations. Assault Artillery – History & Organization of Assault Gun Units #Stug Life. From the outbreak of the War until the summer of 1943, comparatively only minor changes occurred in the tables of organization of most types of German divisions. Most read. All information, figures, specifications and statistics used here had been compiled from a variety of sources and the large, over decades collected, library of the author about military history, WW2 and weapons. Although Soviet forces in the Far East in 1939 were not plagued with fundamental problems to the same extent as those in Europe during the 1941 campaigns, their generals were still not impressed by their army’s performance. During the first months of the war with the Soviet Union, the Motorized Infantry Divisions, which in 1942 became Panzergrenadier Divisions, consisted of two infantry regiments of three battalions each, one artillery regiment and one battalion each of reconnaissance, signals, engineers, anti-aircraft and anti-tank troops as well as the usual supporting division services. The average divisional table of organization strength for that period was about 15,000 to 17,000 and with the normally attached troops it usually reached about 20,000. Stavka reserves, Russian fronts equipped with KV and T-34 on June 22, 1941 The second section consisted of two batteries with six 10.5 cm light field howitzers and the third section of two batteries with four 15 cm howitzers each, which were moved by tractor units. World War 2 Photos > German Artillery > 10,5 cm Feldhaubitze. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. More × The size of a combat group could range from just one to two hundred men to a division-like size of eight to ten thousand men with support units. The Corps was a flexible formation, which could consist of different types of divisions. The 18th Artillery Division (German: 18. These have also been widely exported to the Middle East As with most German ground equipment in the WW2 Era, the 10,5cm le FH18M was generally horse drawn. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1 Known as the Infantry Division 1944, this new formation had a strength of 12,772 men as opposed to the 17,734 soldiers of a division in 1939, although its firepower had actually increased. Outdated for the most part compared to Japanese aviation in 1941, which was relatively advanced, not counting the potential use in coastal bombardment by the Imperial Navy, or the massive use of chemical weapons by Japanese forces … Thus they also made a lot of aerial photographic recognition of the possible areas to be invaded in the Far East and their strategic points, To that I have to add the great knowledge that in Siberia and Mongolia, despite the appearances of monolithic union, certain internal instability reigned during the 1930s and that groups collaborating with the Imperial army such as the Black Dragons knew it in detail. By the 1941 the American army and Marine Corps had standardised their artillery for WW2. With only elementary division services, it was around 10,000 men strong. The traditions of the former Prussian army were also maintained in the midst of the war during this recruit swearing-in in Potsdam.The Infantry division was still the most important combat unit. Thus, the name “assault artillery”, because this is the translation of the original name for this branch in German which was “Sturmartillerie”. Taken together, about 50 of this People’s Grenadier Divisions were set up or restored until the final German collapse. One artillery commander and one artillery regimental commander were to form the command staffs. The Army, on the other hand, was a more uniformly organized combat formation. Odessa front The German army’s artillery was legendary, and though the dualpurpose 88 mm antiaircraft gun (equally successful against armor) got much of the attention, most German ‘‘tubes’’ were high quality and fired excellent ammunition. The army was led by the Army High Command Oberkommando des Heeres – OKH for short – with its general staff. Moscow front Canon d Infanterie de 37 Modele 1916 TRP (37mm mle 1916), Air Defense Gun / Aircraft Gun / Towed Anti-Aircraft Gun, Towed Heavy Anti-Tank (AT) Gun / Field Gun, Steyr Panzerjager-Treibwagen (Tank Destroyer Car), Steyr schweren Schienenpanzerspahzug (s.Sp.). In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 100 regiments of Field artillery (plus the Lehr instruction unit) and 24 regiments of Foot artillery (plus another Lehr instruction unit) who manned the heavier pieces. This is a list of artillery of the Second World War ordered by name. Artillery was the one area of ground combat against the Germans where the U.S. not only had superiority of numbers and materiel but also quality, both in terms of weaponry and operational art. In most of these infantry divisions 1944, the old tripartite organizational form with three battalions per regiment was abandoned and instead only two battalions each were formed, with the addition of supporting infantry guns and anti-tank guns. German infantry advance through a Russian corn field, summer 1942. Arkangelsk Front The "Military Factory" name and MilitaryFactory.com logo are registered ® U.S. trademarks protected by all applicable domestic and international intellectual property laws. The Volksgrenadier Division consisted of three regiments of two battalions each and one artillery regiment with 24 x 10.5 cm field howitzers, twelve 15 cm howitzers and 18 x 7.5 cm field guns. Eventually, however, the equally competent American and Russian artillery … The total strength of the motorized infantry division was fixed at 16,400 men with 2,800 motor vehicles. Self-propelled gun and artillery vehicles used by the Germans in World War 2. Artillery. To see our complete inventory of German Army … 15cm sFH 13 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 13), 15cm sFH 18 (15cm schwere Feldhaubitze 18), 15cm sIG 33 (Schweres Infanterie Geschutz 33), 21cm Kanone Eisenbahnlafette (21cm K12(E)), 8.8cm FlaK 18 / FlaK 36 / FlaK 37 (German 88), 85mm Air Defense Gun Model 1939 (M1939) (KS-12 / 52-K), 85mm Air Defense Gun Model 1944 (M1944) (KS-18). Owing to Allied deception measures, some German armored units failed to engage the Anglo-Americans until after D-Day. We do not sell any of the items showcased on this site. For example, the Armeeabteilung Hollidt was formed at the end of 1942 and had three Panzer divisions and four weak infantry divisions as well as two Luftwaffe field divisions. 24 heavy machine guns, two 15 cm infantry guns, The new infantry battalion had a strength of slightly more than 700 men and was usually divided into three rifle companies of 140 men each, a heavy weapons squad of 200 men and a supply unit. In the Former Yugoslavia Crvena Zastava produced a variation of the German 10,5cm le FH18M called the 105mm M56. In World War II, both German and American artillery fire direction was normally done at the battalion level. The organization of the German divisional artillery, like that of our own, includes three battalions of 105-mm. But since more tank divisions were needed, they now had a total strength of 15,600 men with 150 to 200 tanks. A-I. Organization of the formations and units of the German Army after the start of the Russian campaign until 1945. Now this video is more about the branch and organization and not individual vehicles. Western front Artillery was the one area of ground combat against the Germans where the U.S. not only had superiority of numbers and materiel but also quality, both in terms of weaponry and operational art. This was not because of a lack of basic tactical and organizational capabilities, but because the power of the Soviet Union was greatly underestimated. One Abteilung (section) was equipped with 12 Wespe with 10.5 cm field howitzers and 6 Hummel with 15 cm howitzers. This Heavy Tank Battalion was divided into four tank companies with additional support units, among them twelve 2-cm-Flak as well as in the year 1943 still 50 Panzer III Ausf N with short 7.5-cm-KwK for close support. Army personnel were made up of volunteers and conscripts. Super high amount of views. A German mortar crew operates a 12 cm Granatwerfer 42 during operations in Italy. Z. A beautiful uniform with marching stamp on inside of the silk liner to the insignia shown on the shoulder boards. Material presented throughout this website is for historical and entertainment value only and should not to be construed as usable for hardware restoration, maintenance, or general operation. six 8.1 cm mortars, howitzers and 1 battery of 100-mm. This is a list of Imperial German artillery regiments before and during World War I.In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 100 regiments of Field artillery (plus the Lehr instruction unit) and 24 regiments of Foot artillery (plus another Lehr instruction unit) who manned the heavier pieces. The Panzer Division of 1941-42 had a TOE strength of 15,600 men and 150 to 200 armored vehicles. Copyright © 2006-2020 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED - THE OPERATORS OF THIS SITE DISSOCIATE THEMSELVES FROM CONTENTS OF OTHER WEBSITES, WHICH ARE LINKED ON THESE PAGES. Some 1944 German infantry divisions had 9 battalions and numbered about 15,000 men, but most infantry divisions were organized in 3 regiments with only 2 battalions per regiment. 4. the German army will capture any city on the Volga, On July 17, 1942, Tomoyuki Yamashita was reassigned from Singapore to Manchukuo again, having received a post in command of the First Area Army He was promoted to general in February 1943. A civil war would have started in Siberia. Only 17 months after Adolf Hitler announced the German rearmament program in 1935, the army reached its projected goal of 36 divisions. As an ideal three divisions were aimed at, which could rarely be kept under the fighting conditions. Far East Front Naval artillery is not included. The artillery regiment therefore had two ... the attack on Soviet Russia, the organization of the German divisions was identical to that of the Western campaign in 1940. From 1943, the lack of available replacements for the Wehrmacht began to become apparent, reducing the division’s TOE strength and introducing a new organization. Very detailed data, photos, etc. In the summer of 1942, the Romanian Army on the Eastern Front consisted of the 3rd and 4th Armies (13 infantry, one armored and two cavalry divisions), two divisions in the Crimea, and six divisions in the Caucasus. Organization of Divisional Artillery. North Caucasus Front On July 1, in a telegram to the Japanese Foreign Minister Matsuoka, his German counterpart Von Ribbentrop, in view of the initial successes of the Germans, pressured the Japanese government to attack the USSR from the East, holding the meeting of the two armies in Siberia. There is no doubt that if the Soviet Union had to fight on two land fronts simultaneously, the Germans would have won the war on the Eastern Front. A fire direction center typically controlled at least a dozen guns, so better target acquisition and observation of the fall of the rounds than the Word War I practice was needed. This division consisted of three infantry regiments (about 2,000 men each), o… Thus it was not possible to place all artillery units within a formation under flexible and central control. Yet, those 4 British Brigades have a total of only 72 guns, which is exactly the same number as the German Brigade, which had 4 Battalions. Furthermore, the Soviet agent Sorge informed the Red Army on September 14, 1941, that Japan would not attack the Soviet Union until: 2. When the German armed forces began their invasion of Soviet Union in June 1941 with Operation Barbaorossa, the organization of units and formations, except for the Panzer divisions, was still largely the same as it had been during the Western campaign in 1940. CANTEENS, BREADBAGS, MESS KITS & ENTRENCHING TOOLS. Each of the regiments had a company with six 15-cm infantry guns on self-propelled gun carriages Grille and an engineer company. From the end of 1942 the German army was confronted with an increasing problem of lack of replacement for the bloody losses. There were two main types of self-propelled guns in the German Army during WW2. In peacetime, the Imperial German Army included 100 regiments of Field artillery (plus the Lehr instruction unit) and 24 regiments of Foot artillery (plus another Lehr instruction unit) who manned the heavier pieces. The failure of the German High Command to mechanize the German army led to the fact that the Panzer, Panzergrenadier and motorized infantry divisions were overstretched and the infantry divisions were dependent on the feet of their soldiers and horses. Orel front GERMAN SELF-PROPELLED ARTILLERY GUNS OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR By Craig Moore Fonthill Media ISBN: 978 1 78155 695 5. However, the average panzer division along the Atlantic Wall possessed merely seventy-five tanks. Entries are listed below in alphanumeric order (1-to-Z). Self-propelled artillery (also called locomotive artillery) is artillery equipped with its own propulsion system to move towards its firing position. The Artillery Division was planned to make up for this shortage, but the lack of appropriate equipment during this final phase of the war made it less effective than it could have been. If you are looking for a compendium of artillery pieces, this is not the book. Although the Tiger also lacked the mobility, it was nevertheless an excellent tank in the defensive and from there these heavy tank battalions were used for stuffing front gaps or for the cover of tactical retreats. my conclusion is that … Germany could have won the war in Russia if Japan had collaborated seriously by invading at least the Russian Far East, outer Mongolia and raiding Irkustk in Eastern Siberia …. German battery with heavy cannon 18/49 (105 mm) in position in front of a former church in Ukraine.Within the framework of the German principles of decentralizing armament and equipment, most of the artillery was distributed among the divisions. The number of tank divisions increased from ten divisions in 1940 to 25 by spring 1942. An example of such a formation is the Kampfgruppe Fretter-Pico, where these units were usually designated by the name of their commander. There is a reason I don't go to McDonald's to buy a Filet Mignon. Bombardment may cease after the initial volley or be maintained in Fire For Effect mode, creating a sustained saturation of the area with detonations. Normally this was the heavy artillery, which was divided into Independent Artillery Sections of 12 guns each, under the command of the corps or army commanders. The intent of my website limits a full review of all the units and organization during the entire period. This list may not reflect recent changes ().0–9 2 cm Flak 30, Flak 38 … Comment Report abuse. This division was able to bring enormous firepower to bear on a specific target, which was of great importance in mitigating Soviet mass attacks. THE ORGANIZATION OF ARMIES : Introduction Since the time of Napoleon, the primary unit around which European armies have been organized has been the "division," a unit that contained all the elements necessary to sustain itself in combat. Germany lacked enough vehicles and fuel to fully mechanize the army, similar to British and Americans, but more could have been done to improve mobility. In 1939 the GermanReich was divided into thirteen geographical military districts, each of which provided the pe… The Caucasus is visible in the background and the machine gunner in the foreground, carrying the MG34, is protected by his assistant gunner carrying a MP38.The support weapons of the infantry regiment included Kiev front Kharkov front The Legendary 88 mm gun (eighty-eight) is a German anti-aircraft and anti-tank artillery gun from World War II. The Artillery Division consisted of mixed artillery regiments of three Abteilungen each, with covering infantry and anti-tank units. The largest organizational form of the Wehrmacht was the Army Group, whose size varied considerably according to requirements. The anti-tank unit (known as the Panzerjaeger) was always an integral part of the offensive element of the Panzer Division and its importance increased as the war progressed. Continue Scrolling to See Additional Entries. Ural front Some of these regiments had a history stretching back to the 17th Century but others were only formed as late as October 1912. Fine color aerial pictures from the beginning of Operation Blue, the German summer offensive in Russia 1942.The sharp knife of the German army were the Panzer divisions, which played a key role especially on the Eastern front. In near mint condition with one tiny moth nip as photographed. Major General A.K. howitzers, which ordinarily operate in direct support of the three infantry regiments, and one medium battalion. After the Battle of Lake Khasan and that of Nomonhan, the Soviets generally found the results unsatisfactory, despite their victory. The Germans made excellent use of all artillery systems at their disposal - from World War 1 designs to captured pieces from their enemies. German losses were 38,000, for X Army & XIV Army, not including 15,606 PW. six 7.5 cm infantry guns, Helpful. NOTE: VISITING THIS SITE WITH ENABLED AD BLOCKERS IS PROHIBITED ! Thus, a Napoleonic division (which numbered about 10,000 men) was composed of infantry, artillery, cavalry, and supply units. They believed that the Soviet army in the Far East, once its strength was weakened by the withdrawal of troops to face the victorious advance of the Germans and demoralized by the defeat of the Stalin government, and the Japanese agents would unleash a civil war amidst confusion Soviet in Siberia and Mongolia before the Japanese invasion, it would be easy prey for the imperial army, which would have been accompanied by the white puppet Russians and their Mongol allies in charge of organizing a counterrevolutionary movement and establishing a new government in the Far East and Outer Mongolia, which they would be the basis for the Japanese Siberian Campaign for enter in Eastern Siberian territoire. The period of its existence was usually short, either being worn out in prolonged heavy battles or being reassigned back to its original units when the crisis was resolved. Their design is not too dissimilar to the pre-war and WW1 caps. Although the total number of infantrymen and infantry divisions had increased, the 1945 front units had only about half the number of a 1941 division. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Search the table of contents. German Artillery During the interwar period German army was still using the old 75mm FK 16 and 150mm sFH 13/02. The last change in the organization took place in March 1945, when the Panzer Division 1945 was introduced. Until 1944, various minor changes were made to the organization of the 1941 divisional structure, reducing the official TOE to 14,738 men, but slightly increasing the firepower. WW2 German engineers came up with the idea of mounting an artillery gun on top of a tank chassis. Most were experienced in the West and Russia. Kleist’s 1st Panzer Army, for example, consisted of three tank corps, which together had five Panzer divisions, two motorized infantry divisions and two Waffen-SS divisions. Artillerie-Division) was a German artillery division formed during World War II in 1943. During World War II, a total of about 13.6 million soldiers served in the German Army. As the German Army was drastically reduced to the 100,000-man Reichsheer, Generaloberst Hans von Seeckt, Chief of the Army Command, sought a means to perpetuate the traditions and heritage of … A WW2 assembly line of German Focke-Wulf Fw 190 single-seat fighters.. During the German invasion part of this force was on leave, while a further seven per cent were unfit for duty. Each Japanese division had the combat power equivalent to 2 Chinese divisions. DGS, thanks for confirming this info, and the date, with a proper published reference, I always feel a bit uncomfortable when I have to rely solely on Internet sources. Later, I have learned programming and the development of computer games, and finally with the Internet, also web design. Self-propelled ant-tank gun ‘Marder’ with accompanying infantry on the Eastern Front.When the Soviet KV and T-34 tanks appeared more and more, self-propelled gun carriages with 7.5 cm Pak on chassis of obsolete tanks were introduced from 1942 onward, and then also assault guns and finally well armed and armored special tank destroyers were introduced to the anti-tank battalion. Subscribe to our newsletter with the latest reports from the war diaries and about World War I & II. German heavy long-range artillery firing at the Russian Front.Before the introduction of the artillery division, many artillery units had already been deployed outside the normal division system. Comprehensiva German unit organization, using graphic diagrams. The first battalion was completely equipped with infantry fighting vehicles, while the second was moved by lorries. Operational history. With the appearance of large Soviet artillery formations on the Eastern Front, the German leadership attempted to imitate the enemy by setting up an Artillery Division at the end of 1943. The organization and equipment of these divisions changed considerably during the war to adapt to the current demands of armored warfare and the increasing shortage of men and material. German collapse units were usually designated by the end International Military Antiques, Inc observes all Federal State... To 2 Chinese divisions in 25th regiment July 1942 Romanian formations forming of! Was served by an eleven-man crew, which occasionally could sustain twenty rounds per minute the new Panzer V tanks. Motorized infantry division was fixed at 16,400 men with 2,800 motor vehicles divisions increased from divisions... Strategy games Filet Mignon designated by the name of their commander 1938 weighed! 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