A few animals are found along the border between Bhutan and India. The Rhododendron has 1000 species or more. About 90% of the animals are found in Kaziranga National Park, India (1,200), and Chitwan Valley in Nepal (600). There is no such thing as a Natural Habitat in Nepal. Red Rhododendron is the favorite national flower symbol of the Nepali people. It was subsequently collected from the mountains of adjacent eastern Nepal, Bhutan, and southern Tibet. In May and April you see the whole hill in bloom with Rhododendron while there will be grand scenery of wild flowers in rain shadow zones of Dolpo and Mustang during summer days. Species Availability: It was observed that the greatest frequency of species occurrence in the Sikkim Himalayan rhododendrons is found within the upper temperate belt (i.e., between 3000-3500m amsl). They can grow at a variety of altitudes ranging from sea level to more than three kilometers above. Various species are found throughout Europe and the United States. Rhododendron: Over 30 sub-species of Rhododendron arboreum are found in Nepal. The Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower. Subgenus Hymen-anthes is characterized by the lack of scales and includes spe-cies of various plant forms from dwarf shrubs to large trees up to 30 m tall (Chamberlain, 1982). There are so many species of Rhododendron found in Nepal. The mid‐elevation Nepalese Rhododendron woodlands extend from 1,200 m a.s.l. In remote eastern Nepal, nestled in the foothills of the Himalaya, the Milke Danda region nurtures some of the world’s most spectacular rhododendron forests. Rhododendron has been used to make tea, which can result in toxicity. Nepal has 6500 known species of trees, shrubs and wild flowers. Similarly, there are more than 800 species, almost 10 % of world’s bird species found in Nepal. Nepal has 2.2% of all flowering plant on earth. between the months of March and May. It occurs in habitats and elevations similar to those of R . cinnamomeum can withstand -15°C to -18°C temperatures. The Apollo butterflies found at 3,000 metres above sea level have moved to 500 metres above their normal habitat, while the pikas have moved to 100 metres higher in the Langtang region of Nepal. There are over 1000 species of Rhododendron in a world while more than 30 species are available in Nepal. The species called Rhododendron arboreum is Nepal’s national flower. The highest species diversity is found in the Sino-Himalayan mountains from central Nepal and Sikkim east to Yunnan and Sichuan, with other significant areas of diversity in the mountains of Indo-China, Korea, Japan and Taiwaan. There are found two endangered and four vulnerable species. Lali guras it's a red colours flower that you can see in the nepali currency also. The flowers bloom till early summer. Rhododendron arboreum ssp. arboreum which have rose-red flowers and are hardy up to about -10°C, are known as ‘Lali Gurans‘ in Nepali and is the national flower. 9. It occurs in the eastern and central Alps It occurs in the eastern and central Alps Rhododendron albiflorum. Rhododendrons bloom during other times of the year as well, but they are not in abundance as in this … Nepal has established numerous national parks and reserves in order to protect its diverse fauna. Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park . It is found across South East Asia and South Asia. It has different colors from white to red. Rhododendron arboreum ssp. cinnamomeum can withstand -15°C to -18°C temperatures. Dense rhododendron forests that once covered the area are shrinking every year, said Sunil Kumar Singh, forest officer at the Tehrathum forest office. Being the reflection of the nation and heart of Nepali, Rhododendron arboreum, known as Lali Gurans is apparently falling in the list of endangered species of … Its phytogeographical provinces comprise various vegetation types, including tropical lowland rain forest (Shorea robusta forests), temperate forests of oak and conifers in the mid hills to dwarf scrubs of rhododendron and alpine meadows in the higher regions (Miehe et al., 2015).Within Nepal the amalgamation of various floristic … Flora in Nepal offers to explore the national flower rhododendron arboreum that has 32 species at 1200 m to 3500 m above the sea level. Also, the park has 48 primroses species, 47 orchids, 19 bamboos, 15 oaks, 86 fodder trees and 67 species of economically valuable plants. dalhousiae but is found only at the eastern end of the range of that species (northeastern India (Arunachal Pradesh), Bhutan, & southern Tibet). The national flower of Nepal is 'Rhododendron' and the Nepali name of the flower is 'Laliguras'. Nepal has in numerous variety of plants and animals and also a large number of rhododendron species. There are 319 species of an orchid flower. Orchids: There are 386 orchid varieties in Nepal. Rhododendrons are part of the heath family, like blueberries, cranberries, and heathers. In most parts of the Himalaya, population pressure has led to forest destruction. (de Milleville, 2002). Nepal has large number of rhododendron species and wild animals found in Rara Lake ecoregion and ecoregion of the terai grasslands. Endangered mammals such as snow leopard, leopard cat, clouded leopard, Himalayan musk deer etc. The best time to enjoy the views of the flower laden forests is spring, i.e. The Himalaya carve a wide arc across the northern borders of India, Nepal, Sikkim, Bhutan and Myanmar and it is in their foothills that the most stunning specimens of the Rhododendron species are to be found. The high forests of Nepal are vital for the continued survival of local communities, par-ticularly for the indigenous Sherpa and Tamang peoples, who have inhabited these mountains for thousands of years. They are generally found in the altitudes between 2000 and 4000 m above the sea level. It is known as Laligurans in Nepal. Nine species of Rhododendron can be observed In the upper area of Langtang Valley at around 2000m. Consequently, the taxonomy has been historically complex.. Uses. It has white, pink, red, and mixed colour. There are more than thirty species of rhododendron in Nepal with dozens of varieties in all sizes and colours. Early history. As a common person, one could identify the white Rhododendron and the red one. Very grand sightings of Rhododendron can be assured in the south west side of Kanchenjunga area & the upper side valley of the Tamur river system. Thirty-one species of rhododendron trees are found in the region. At least 2800 new variety of Rhododendron found in all over the world. Rhododendron is declared as the national follower of Nepal. Orchids … Nepal is home to four species of big cats, clouded leopards were believed to be extinct in Nepal but in 1998 clouded leopard was captured in Chitwan National Park. February to April is supposed to be the best season to visit this park. The highest species diversity is found in the Himalayan mountains from Uttarakhand, Nepal and Sikkim to Yunnan and Sichuan, with other significant areas of diversity in the mountains of Indo-China, Korea, Japan and Taiwan. arboreum have rose-red flowers and are hardy up to about -10°C. Rhododendron campanulata ssp. Mainly found are rhododendron forests with fir and hemlock interspersed. Known as ‘Lali Gurans’ in Nepali, it is the national flower. Rhododendron hirsutum is one of the species of rhododendron native to the mountains of Europe. In spite of Nepal, it is native to Asia, North America, Australia and Europe. It can be found near Muktinath and Phoksundo of western Nepal. The Rhododendron arboreumssp. Rhododendron:Over 30 sub species of Rhododendron arboreum are found in Nepal. It is found from 8,000 to 13,000 feet in elevation growing in various habitats including coniferous forests, rhododendron thickets, and open rocky slopes. to more than 5,000 m a.s.l., with the alpine species R. nivale reported up to 5,600 m a.s.l. can be found in this region. www.nepaliclass.com/rhododendron-lali-gurash-national-flower-of-nepal aeruginosum is a wild species rhododendron found in the Himalayan alpine regions of Northern India, Bhutan, and Nepal. Orchids: There are 386 orchid varieties in Nepal. Bengal Tiger. The wildlife of Nepal includes its flora and fauna. Exposure Routes and Pathways . These natural reserves hold a significant importance and are legally protected by law. Orchids … (de Milleville, 2002). Nepal bags more than 300 species of orchids. This former species was reduced to varietal status under R. dalhousiae by Dr. James Cullen in his 1978 revision of subgenus Rhododendron. There are over 16 different species of rhododendron to be found in the trek area, and the forests should be in full bloom in late April, the one time of year this trek is run. On a general observation, the species availability decreases drastically from 4500m upward and 2500m downwards. Society and Culture . However, about 20 of the 31 species of Rhododendron in Nepal are concentrated between 3,000 and 3,500 m a.s.l. There are two types of evergreen oak that are found here, with two different types of leaves. The genus Rhododendron alone encompasses over 750 species that grow around the world in parts of Europe, North America, Japan, Nepal and Turkey. The altitudinal distribution is shown in Table 9. Rhododendron is the largest genus in the family Ericaceae, with as many as 1,024 species, (though estimates vary from 850–1000) and is morphologically diverse. In addition, there are a significant number of tropical rhododendron species from southeast Asia to northern Australia, with 55 known species in Borneo and 164 in New … Nepal occupies a unique zone in the central Himalayas. In Nepal, 29 species of the two largest subgenera, Rhododendron and Hymenanthes, are dis-tributed in the montane to the alpine zones. There are over 30 species of rhododendron in Nepal. The research also highlighted the movement of the Pieris species of butterflies to 2,200 metres from 1,800 metres as well as a discernible shift in the life cycle of butterflies. Nepal is also host to many rhododendron species. Rhododendronarboreum ssp. the 31 species of Rhododendron in Nepal are concentrated between 3,000 and 3,500 m a.s.l. It has instead established several National Parks and reserves to protect its diverse fauna. It is an endangered species with less than 2,000 individuals in the wild. It comes from healthy family of flowering plant. It grows on the stony alpine slopes and ledges at altitudes of 12,000 to 14,500 feet. We can find so many species of rhododendron here including Rhododendron arboretum, ... about 47 species of orchids, 15 varieties of oaks, and 25 species of rhododendron are found in this area. There are 3,128 species of flowering plants which includes the 25 species of Rhododendron out of 30 species found in Nepal. “People living around forest areas rely on the forest for firewood and also smuggle timber. While many of these species contain grayanotoxins, only a few contain significant levels. It is also rich in various species of rhododendron where 28 species of rhododendron species are found out of 32 species found in Himalayan region of Nepal. 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