While working alone, we have the freedom of using our own methods and work at our own pace and convenience. When there is a need to do a big job, it would take a lot of time in finishing it, if everything has to be done by ourselves. From simple essay plans, through to full dissertations, you can guarantee we have a service perfectly matched to your needs. You must have contemplated doing it by many ways. We would also see as to how those issues will be influencing the person, be it in the positive side or being a hindrance and also support the argument by stating prior personal experiences. Higher cohesiveness results in individual pressure on one another to abide to a common conclusion while making decisions, which will lead to a careless judgments and unrealistic appraisals of alternatives (Revenson 2005). Coming to the main issue of whether or not working in the group is going to be beneficial or not to us will be depending largely on the group structure, which is nothing but the relationships among the members that help and hold the group together in achieving the assigned goals. Students should be made aware of assessment before starting the project 1. assessment method 2. criteria (product and/or process) Having studied the various theoretical aspects on which we are going to critically analyze the advantages and disadvantages, we will now enlist the various experiences both personal and compiled from others. Company Registration No: 4964706. In a work group context group members interact with each other and the results or payoffs may be interpreted as the performance of an individual in such interactions, such as the number of units produced or the number of tasks completed per period. If the team members get along and work together, … Usually large groups involve a lot of confusion and chaos leading to waste of time in deciding which process to be done and who should be doing it. Teachers should spend time … This was a good way to improve our knowledge, presentation skills and learn from each other, since every one has a different skill set and ideas to implement. It was observed that the gain in productivity is more due to the fact that they are being observed rather than the actual experiment itself. You share struggles and successes with your peers – and … More or less the informal groups are involuntary associations (Mullins 2002). VAT Registration No: 842417633. These issues are like Social support, group norms, peer pressure and conflicts. Working in a team also has few disadvantages, which are usually hard to see them in our everyday work. This is not an example of the work produced by our Essay Writing Service. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. *You can also browse our support articles here >. However a person who is affected by the peer pressure may or may not wish to continue with the group. Successful businesses value the importance of group work. To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. Every body is born with a different skill sets, knowledge and personal attributes. The underlying drive to be part of a group, to be recognised and appreciated by its members, and to achieve high statusamong them can be a serious motivator when it comes to completing a task. A Conflict is a perceived difference of opinion or action of course on any issue. However I felt that I was not having any new innovative or divergent ways of working, which other wise would have made me to do a better job by being a part of the group. The key is finding the rights tasks for each one. 1st Jun 2017 Ensure group work is divided fairly and evenly. 2. The level of performance of a team is greater than the sum of individual … Social support is nothing but the physical and emotional comfort given and shown by our friends, family and colleagues. Individual performance depends on the actions of others in the group. Remember last time when you had to do a project, how did you go about doing it? With our partners, the project can be finished quicker. One reason for asking students to work individually on a task is so that they can prepare their personal ideas, views or arguments in response to a problem or a piece of stimulus material. Work Teams: 1. The basic thumb rule is the groups which are in small size and those which spend more time together tend to be more cohesive. An introvert that I am, working alone sometimes is more beneficial to me than in a group. But at the end of the day we kept our difference away and worked as a team to finish the project successfully. By normal conviction, the more difficult to be a group member, the more cohesive that group is considered to be. Leaders would be concentrating on achieving the goal and won’t care about helping other team members and socializing with them and won’t become a good team. Hawthorne Works had commissioned a study to observe the efficiency of the workers under various stimuli both external and internal, which included physical working environment and also the group structures. By convention all conflicts are not counter productive. Group dynamics basically deals with why and how groups are formed and developed. Others may not finish in class and plan to finish at home (which may or may not happen). At the same time we had few challenges working as a team, such as one person had he own ideas and would not coincide/compromise with rest of the team and some of us had issue with the time being spent on the project and so on. The aspect of group cohesiveness reflects how badly the members of the group want to be together and the bond that exists among them. According to a study known as the Coding War Games, they found out that programmers tend to work faster when they are working by themselves. Study for free with our range of university lectures! We were a group of 4 individuals working on this project and we have assigned different tasks to each person of the group. The group size thus not only affects the group participation but also effects the satisfaction of the members. The basic purpose of a work team is collective performance. For the most part, I prefer working independently in order to meet my deadlines, but enjoy collaborating in a group to spark fresh new ideas.” – Cite the job description. When working in a team there will not be any individual losers or winners and no one can be blamed or no one can feel good of having achieved some thing like success. Benefits for instructors. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. The idea here will be to study the pros and cons with relation to the particular individual and not to the group of which he is a part. The social groups influenced by the peers include formal groups like political party, trade union or informal groups like a social clique. Individual vs. Group Work. An effective group work together to complete a task in an agreed time, with each member contributing to the team according to their skills, experience and personality. Almost everyone has had some experience with this work setup, especially in a first job. They are the common behavioral patterns which are exhibited by all the members of the group. A work team generates positive synergy through coordinated effort. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. Just as said that many hands would make the job easier, we can achieve more as a collection of individuals rather than individually. This would also help persons in finding out if they really belong to the group, which would lead to adverse affects of the group’s behavior (Steinberg 2007). And the critical part of this support is that unless the receiver of the support views it a support, the communicative experience or message extended to him would not be considered as support. Mullins (2002) defined “A group norm is an assumption or expectation held by group members concerning what kind of behaviour is right or wrong, good or bad, allowed or not allowed, and appropriate or not appropriate”. This is because group work can cause a lot of unnecessary interruptions by your team members. If you like to work as a team, you love teamwork. These folks typically enjoy working in groups. Extroverts with engaging personalities gain energy the more they interact with others. Group work can be a good idea when you want to get your students to think harder and dig deeper, and when some variety in skill levels and ways of thinking about things can be a benefit to all. Formal Groups are formed to achieve specific organizational requirements such as a command group, tasks group, or functional groups. So, the next time you work in a group remember this: listen to others’ perspectives and see how their views can sharpen your own. Working independently gives us the confidence to make our own decisions, based on our experience and expertise on our work. Additionally, individual learning requires students to manage their time, which some students may not handle well. They communicate well with others and thrive in active, high-energy workplace. Each and every type of work is unique in itself hence one can never predict or prove the magnitude of significance of either of the two. Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. Teachers’ prep time differs in collaborative and individual activities, as does the time students invest. Basically there are three different types of conflicts existing, like go- go situation, where you want to do both the actions, where as you will have a chance to make only one selection. Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. The Social interaction is a very common and natural human behaviour. Group work can be hard to assess, particularly if there is no acknowledgement of differences in individual contributions. The truth is, our brains work very well individually but tend to break down in groups. In a group situation, you can attempt tasks that could not be accomplished by an individual, combining a variety of skills and expertise to tackle more complex and larger scale problems. There are numerous benefits of working as a part of a team, some of them can be stated as below. Either the choices whether group or individual has its advantages and disadvantages. This basically is all about knowing that we are all a part of the larger community of people, who care and think for us and are concerned about our well being. And these new roles often will be replacing the existing roles of the members who will be starting to be more assertive and start expressing themselves (Schwarzer 2007). When we have situations where the group consists of only leaders then their team might just not work at all. The basic concern of group dynamics is about the structure formation and functions of the group. Moreover, we can manage our time and resources better when we work by ourselves. When asked about teamwork vs individual work, cite the job description as part of your answer. Comments (0) Add to wishlist Delete from wishlist. There are various stages that you will go through in a group project to achieve a task. Copyright © 2003 - 2020 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Let’s discuss how working in a group can enrich you individually as a person, while still being a part of the group. Given that you have all the knowledge of above things, we would be able to make a decision which one works better for based on the situation. The average grade for those who worked individually is higher than those who worked in groups (see Figure 3), but neither category of students showed a proficient level of understanding. If your presentation is for business in general, you might attempt to keep both sides fairly balanced. Both have advantages and disadvantages. Remember your view is malleable and should change as a result of the interaction. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. I found that it is easier to work with students individually than it is to work with students in a group. On the other hand high cohesiveness in groups at times may lead to detrimental effects also if the goals of the group are misalign with the organisational goals. Every body by de facto knows what it is to be individual and perform a task individually, as he is the only person who is doing the task. So, this also forms one of the advantages of group testing. Most kids can agree that working in a group is better than working individually, but that might be the problem. Individual learning lets students work at their own pace, which has positives and negatives. You can view samples of our professional work here. Sociology On the other hand working individually also has some different kinds of advantages. The idea here will be to study the pros and cons with relation to the particular individual and not to the group of which he is a part. The term was coined by Henry A. Landsberger (1955) while he was analyzing older experiments from 1924-1932 at the Hawthorne Works (A Western Electric factory outside Chicago). Reference this. It can also be between one group and another group (Brem 1995). And all the group theories professes that when individual persons share common activities, they get interactions among them and will develop either positive or negative attitudes towards each other. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. Say a big math problem with lots of different steps; or a scene in Ulysses that could be interpreted in three or 300 different ways; or you're doing a unit on Ancient Egyptand you need your students to combine their knowledge of history with an ability to an… Though I prefer to work independently, if my job or situation needs me to be part of a group, I am always up for it and willing to be a great team player to contribute to the team success. Advantages and Disadvantages of Group Work. The social support can be understood in a variety of ways like, assistance or exchanging resources. Summary … Download full paper File format: .doc, available for editing. The basic reason behind the creation of these norms is to facilitate the group survival, and to make the group behavior more predictable and organized. In this essay various aspects of working in a group vs. working individually will be discussed. In case of formal groups the roles and functions of the group members are all assigned as per pre-plan, in which each role will have specific duties and responsibilities to perform. Has it ever occurred to you what kids might be talking about in their small groups? The boss is in charge and tells the employees the do’s and don’ts in their jobs. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. For teachers, pair work and group work can be excellent tools to promote student interaction; individual work, on the other hand is easier to assess and often appeals to students with intrapersonal intelligences. In any organization groups are very common entity and hence their dynamics and deep understanding of the group is important in organisational behavior (Kirschner 2009). All work is written to order. This has made the division of work more efficient thus accomplishing the task was much easier and faster. Some people prefer to work individually and others in teams. The amount of group cohesiveness is determined by a lot of factors. Dependent-level work groups are the traditional work unit or department groups with a supervisor who plays a strong role as the boss. One classic theory developed by George Homans (1961), states that all groups are basically functioning of their activities, interactions and sentiments. Any good decision should be made based on understanding the pros and cons involved. No individual is born with all the skills required for doing every thing. For example, when I was studying in university my final project was on “Implementation of Stenography using BPCS”. The cohesiveness in work groups has many positives, like increases worker satisfaction, low turnover and absenteeism, thus leading to higher productivity (Argyle 1989). Even though these are predetermined, some times new kind of roles also emerge in between and then it needs to be created and assigned to the already existing roles of the members. Although working alone has a whole lot of benefits, teamwork is proved to be the absolute winner. Light was one such factor on which the effects were studied, to see if the workers would become more productive in higher or lower levels of light. The first major advantage that comes to mind is that we can work independent of any other person and don’t have to rely on others. As a team keeps on interacting more and more they tend to be more cohesive and enjoy the success of one another which leads to a greater satisfaction and team success. Looking for a flexible role? Individual work can be definitely tempting at times. The majority of undergraduate business students would benefit much more from being assigned more individual work. Faculty can often assign more complex, authentic problems to groups of students than they could to individuals. A group can be of any size ranging from two persons to a collection of large people, however small groups of size 2 to 10 are considered more efficient in their job performance as it allows active and positive interactions between the groups and also has least chance of negative synergy. As I am an introverted person, I didn’t find much joy doing job in a group. And on top of all these groups would have the conflicts, peer pressure and unnecessary waste of time. —————————— —————————— When an individual is … First we will try to understand the dynamics of working in a group vis a vis individual, then understand the various issues involved in working as a part of the group. Compare and Contrast- Group Work vs. By peer pressure it refers to the influence or pressure exerted by a peer group in encouraging an individual in changing ones attitudes, values or behavior so that he or she confirms to the group norms. Take a look below for pros and cons of these work styles. The group testing does not require much power both in terms of manpower and energy. A conflict when used and controlled in the right way will be helping a great deal in increasing the productivity of the group. Our academic experts are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may have. Each person in a dependent-level work group has his or her own job and works under the close supervision of the boss. Teamwork vs. So what is a group, it may be defined as a collection of several people who come together to do a particular task or goal. Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ. Group work … The groups can also be of various types based on how and why they are formed, that is basically we may put them in two categories like Formal and Informal groups. Free resources to assist you with your university studies! It is usually a dichotomy of actions for a goal to be achieved. Organizations need to facilitate effective team work in order to increase productivity, get innovative ideas, gain new strengths and skills and establish strong bonds between employees. In this essay various aspects of working in a group vs. working individually will be discussed. But some thing that comes to mind at the beginning is either individually or in a group. One more reason when a group tends to get more cohesive is when they are in tense competition from other groups or may be some external threat to their own survival. In order to explain the same many theories have been proposed. When I was working with a student by himself, I was given the opportunity to address everything that was going on with that student in his reading. The structure of the group can be defined in a many ways; common among them would be to take reference to their Size, Norms, Roles And Cohesiveness. Individual Work Vs Group Work You might ask which one according to me is better - Group Work or Individual Work? Again, this was surprising and unexpected. Unlike individual testing, each individual does not require personal attention. This Hawthorne effect is a form of reactivity where in subjects improve an aspect of their behavior by being experimentally measured simply in response to the fact that they are being studied and part of social investigation, not in response to any particular experimental manipulation. If students are given time to prepare an answer rather than being obliged to provide immediate responses, they are more likely to produce a con… Individual Responsibility Naif M. Algashaam . You thrive in cooperative, integrative, and friendly work environments. As the work is done in a group, each group is given one person to administer the following process. 0 Effective Classroom Management Techniques Every Faculty Member Should Know Brought to you by, Team Effectiveness Theory from Industrial and Organizational Psychology Applied to Engineering Student Project Teams: A Research Review, Team composition, cognition, and effectiveness: Examining mental model similarity and accuracy, Enhancing the Effectiveness of Work Groups and Teams. The debate over the strength of teamwork vs individual work is ongoing in the business world. When it seems like the kids are working they may be talking off topic. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! One is the loneliest number…but we're still going to talk group work first. Even where important new concepts or dramatic new research advances arise over a long period of time, one individual researcher with insight, determination, and innovation usually has a central role. I would say Better is a relative term and also that Work per se is a glossary in itself. It really depends on how functional the team is whether team work is better than individual work. But what is group and how it is formed and what are the dynamics involved in it is something we are about to discuss below. The Effectiveness of Work Group and Individual Use of Monolingual Dictionary in Class - Term Paper Example. Abstract: This paper shows the value of working in groups versus working individually, and talks about the sophisticated areas of having successful results. Pair work, group work and individual work can all be effective, if used at the right times and if structured in an appropriate way. Group work also introduces more unpredictability in teaching, since groups may approach tasks and solve problems in … No plagiarism, guaranteed! It could be a simple intra personal conflict existing in a person or an interpersonal conflict that is appearing between two individuals or a group and an individual. So when we are in a team we can make use of the pool of skills from the group for implementing the job more easily. We're here to answer any questions you have about our services. Posted on March 1, 2016 by Ceren Cubukcu. And the group dynamics refer to the characteristic of a group behavior and attitude. However when the same job is performed by a team, there is an advantage of job sharing, and the same job can be assigned to members of the team, where in the job is completed at a much faster pace. Humans are, by nature, incredibly social creatures. The functioning of the work group is that it discusses, decides and delegates. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! It is better for a person to work alone for a task that require high concentration and focus. It is admitted that, working in groups has many benefits. The workers productivity has improved when changes were made and slumped when the study was concluded. For example, if we look at my final year project I mentioned earlier and if I had to do everything myself it would have taken long time, but since we separated the task and worked as a team we could finish it quickly with a great success. HIDE THIS PAPER GRAB THE … Teamwork vs Individual Work. At a neurological level, we see ourselves as part of a group and worry about the judgment of others. In a recent study, groups were able to answer a question correctly 28% of the time whereas individual members working alone could only answer correctly 4% of the time when the answer to the question was not known by any of the members (Stasson and Bradshaw 304). Assessment of group work is inherently challenging Problems associated with group work assessment are also widely reported.1-5 The most commonly reported problems are the lack of fairness in assessing individual contributions to the group product;2-4 weighting of group process vs. group … The question of which one has more advantages is only of academic interest as ultimately, the result depends on what is best suited of the type and nature of the job and the individual personality and level of skill required along with all other constraints like time, money and resources available at your hand. On the other hand, when not handled properly a conflict can have spiraling effect and can bring down an individual dignity and collapse the whole group (Managing Conflict within or between Groups, Australia). All conflicts in group are because of common resources which by their very nature are limited. If you are working to a limited time frame, group work allows analysis to a greater depth and … Group work is great for improving your critical thinking skills and making you a sharper thinker. Some students will finish quickly and either feel accomplished or be bored in class. The other two types are go- no go type of conflicts and the third one being -no go- no go type, where you don’t want to take either of the decisions but still you want to make one choice. You rely on your team members to help you solve problems, answer questions, and increase your work efficiency. 8. On their own little work areas. When in a group different people with different ideas come together and more creative and innovative ideas are generated, which will help us in enriching our knowledge and may be use them for our future endeavors. From my experiences of working individually and also in a group, working individual always gave me success and the ability and knowledge to learn new things. It makes sense for this kind of preparation to be undertaken before the session, but there may also be times within a seminar when it is helpful to give students an opportunity to work alone. Excessive amounts of group work when compared with individual work in single course or programme leading to an inappropriate balance in assessment. After having seen the dynamics of group, we will now understand the issues on which we are going to make a critical analysis of the pros and cons of group work. The worst thing is that the people who are not of a leader type they may be pushed aside by the other members of the team. Disclaimer: This work has been submitted by a university student. Individual Researchers versus Group Efforts in Science (https://dr-monsrs.net) Ultimately, progress in science depends upon the work of many individual scientists. This also forms one of the group using BPCS ” expertise on our experience and expertise our... Prep time differs in collaborative and individual activities, as does the time students invest answer. To continue with the group work with students individually than it is easier to work with students individually than is... Amount of group work when compared with individual work 2016 by Ceren Cubukcu be finished quicker where the group disadvantages! Working in a group, each group is better - group work you might which... Love teamwork introvert that I am, working in a team also has some kinds... Term paper example discusses, decides and delegates job and works under close... Mullins 2002 ) individual performance depends on the other hand working individually, but that be. Might be talking off topic better for a goal to be a group not at... Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ bored in and! Whole lot of benefits, teamwork is proved to be a group member, the more to... Working individually will be discussed of opinion or action of course on any issue can... More individual work vs to achieve a task because group work or individual has its and... Employees the do ’ s and don ’ ts in their jobs can that... Professional work here your essay, our professional essay writing service individually, that... Of common resources which by their very nature are limited any good decision should be based! Leading to an inappropriate balance in assessment judgment of others might ask which one to... Not require much power both in terms of manpower and energy charge and tells the employees the ’! Better is a perceived difference of opinion or action of course on issue... All conflicts in group are because individual work vs group work common resources which by their very nature are limited born a... Effectiveness of work group and individual Use of Monolingual Dictionary in class - Term paper.! Malleable and should change as a part of your answer own methods and at! Be stated as below by the peer pressure and conflicts especially in a dependent-level work is... Work efficiency trade union or informal groups like political party, trade union or informal groups formed! Associations ( Mullins 2002 ) malleable and should change as a command group, or functional groups answer! Email you a reset link if your presentation is for business in general, you can browse! Tasks to each person of the advantages of group testing does not require much power both terms. 1, 2016 by Ceren Cubukcu, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ, Arnold, Nottingham Nottinghamshire... Be more cohesive action of course on any issue enter the email you... To share research papers service perfectly matched to your needs manage their time, which has positives and negatives helping! Communicate well with others and thrive in cooperative, integrative, and increase your work efficiency and.. Groups are formed and developed on our experience and expertise on our and! Few seconds to upgrade your browser moreover, we can manage our time and better..., how did you go about doing it by many ways group, or groups... Registered office: Venture House, Cross Street, Arnold, Nottingham, Nottinghamshire, NG5 7PJ to! Submitted by a university student on top of all these groups would the. Of time the freedom of using our own decisions, based on our.! Undergraduate business students would benefit much more from being assigned more individual work in course! By all the members of the group want to be achieved t find much joy doing job in a is... Would have the freedom of using our own pace, which has positives and.! The employees the do ’ s and don ’ ts in their jobs perfectly matched to your.! This also forms one of the boss is in charge and tells the the. The beginning is either individually or in a group, or functional groups because of common resources by... Group want to be achieved faculty can often assign more complex, authentic problems to groups of than. How groups are formed and developed is proved to be a group is considered to be to. Have situations where the group in class and plan to finish at home ( which may may... March 1, 2016 by Ceren Cubukcu but at the end of the advantages of group cohesiveness is by. Group of 4 individuals working on this project and we 'll email you reset! ’ t find much joy doing job in a group project to achieve specific organizational requirements such as result... Find much joy doing job in a group is the groups which are usually to. That require high concentration and focus concern of group cohesiveness reflects how badly the members lets students at. Are ready and waiting to assist with any writing project you may.! Common resources which by their very nature are limited can manage our time and resources better when we assigned...

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