Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Group therapy sessions are led by one or more psychologists with specialized training, who teach group members proven strategies for managing specific problems. However, this observation cannot be attributed to the educational procedure due to the limited size of the study. Shaping group norms that value a healthy lifestyle. In this study, however, a significant reduction of BMI within the intervention group was observed at follow-up. The Peer Education Project is a secondary school based, educational programme that aims to give young people the skills and knowledge they need to safeguard their mental health, and that of their peers. This material is the product of a 3-year international collaboration between the Pharmaceutical Company Lilly and the company Healthy Interactions that works worldwide on health education, as well as the European Branch of the ΙDF [14]. On the other hand, an older study in a different setting and cultural environment reports that group education is equally effective as individual diabetes education [3]. The educational material consists of four visual maps (CMs) sized 91, 44 cm × 152, 4 cm. Health education can also boost a community's economy by reducing healthcare spending and lost productivity due to preventable illness. Regarding group education for people with type 2 DM using CMs, studies are contradictory. By matching people to the right group, it … Health questionnaires are equally useful to both doctors and patients. Carry out a focus group study if you want to understand people’s views and experiences. Regarding group education without CMs, researches support that a significant reduction of HbA1c was observed in favour of group based diabetes education [7, 15]. [17] report that, in order to achieve a reduction of 1% for A1c, 23.6 h are required to be spent with the instructor. There was no statistically significant change in the BMI variable after 6 months between the two groups. Firstly, we will discuss the main and important advantages. Specific objectives of the study include evaluation of: The changes in the lipidemic profile [triglycerides, high density lipoprotein (HDL) and low density lipoprotein (LDL)]. The bold values are significant at <0.001 and 0.003. In explaining these findings we should take into consideration that these specific patients were already being monitored at the primary health care setting, knew the staff and lived in the area and, as a result, may have been positively predisposed to change their behaviour. Moreover, BMI remained unchanged in both education groups and for both countries in a study comparing the effectiveness of CMs versus standard care of adults with type 2 diabetes in Spain and Germany [13]. A systematic review with meta-analysis, Comparative effectiveness of patient education methods for type 2 diabetes. Group-based patient education using Conversation Maps for people with type 2 diabetes is more effective, compared with individual education, in diabetes self-management. More research is needed to document the advantages of group education methods versus individual education for people with type 2 DM. Longer monitoring periods of 12 or 24 months would provide more information on the long-term effects of educational interventions. Risk factor changes (HbA1c, ΒΜΙ, tryglycerides, HDL and LDL) for participants before and after the intervention between and within groups. In order to compare continuous variables between the two groups the Student’s t-test was used. This makes sure employers that their employees are protected and do not get a loss of work because of their illness. A community-based study, The outcomes of peer-led diabetes education in comparison to education delivered by health professionals in Iranian patients, Effects of the patient education strategy ‘Learning and Coping’ in cardiac rehabilitation on readmissions and mortality: a randomized controlled trial (LC-REHAB). Patient education constitutes a critical tool used to better control diabetes, to help prevent complications and reduce the costs [2]. This study evaluates the effectiveness of group education with the use of CMs for people with type 2 DM in comparison with the standard information provision from the primary healthcare physician to the patient. Also, another study comparing changes in total cholesterol and triglycerides found no significant differences between the group based and individual education for people with type 2 diabetes [7]. The group education was facilitated by two trained health visitors who were permanent staff at the diabetes outpatient clinic of the health centre and members of the research team. In this post, we will discuss important advantages and disadvantages of health care. No.1712/2012). Using health questionnaires, doctors are able to evaluate the overall health status of a patient (including treatments the patient needs if found to have a current health problem). We believe that there is a basic level of knowledge and skill that everyone needs around their own mental health. Shaping personal values and beliefs that support healthy behaviors. Protects Employees and Employers: Its major advantage is to obtain coverage for health for all the employees. Both group and individual interventions also showed improvements in body weight, … In a recent study in people with type 2 diabetes, in participants who attended four CM group sessions there were no clinically relevant differences between experimental and control groups in lipids levels [13]. Average values (mean) and standard deviations (SD) were used to describe the continuous variables. Peer education is the process whereby well-trained and motivated young people undertake informal or organized educational activities with their peers (those similar to themselves in age, background or interests) over a period of time, aimed at developing their knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and skills and enabling them to be responsible for and protect their own health. Within groups, participants in the control group only improved HbA1c and LDL and decreased HDL while participants in the intervention group improved most of the parameters that were measured (HbA1c, ΒΜΙ, triglycerides and LDL). CMs cover four issues about diabetes. Getting a good education is the key to our growth as people, as it allows knowledge to be advanced from generation to generation. They get covered for their illness, disability or injury at the workplace. This study has a number of limitations. Therefore, 220 individuals constituted the sample of this study. Only HDL presented statistical change between the groups (P = 0.003). The advantages and disadvantages of education although seemingly quite clear can be explored to quite a detailed level. As follows are the top advantages of having a good education. Useful for Employee’s Wellbeing: Group health insurance policies play a crucial role in securing the health … Focus groups are facilitated group discussions. The study was a clinically controlled trial which took place over the period 2–18 May 2012. An older study by Aubert et al. Answering Opinion Essay Questions. Within groups, in the intervention group, triglycerides and LDL decreased significantly whereas HDL remained stable. Education helps an individual hone their personality. However, it seems that group education can serve a larger number of people, with no extra health personnel requirements and reduced cost. All patients who were registered on the outpatient list at the diabetic clinic were eligible to participate in the study. The framework has developed through our research into breastfeeding support and weight management groups, which included systematic reviews, mixed method group interventions and ethnographic studies [2, 16]. Getting the recommended amount of exercise combats obesity, which subsequently reduces the risk for diabetes, heart disease, asthma, sleep disorders and other illnesses. ; are covered from Day 1. The Challenges of Perceived Self-Management in Lupus. (Eds). The eligibility criteria included: people diagnosed with type 2 DM, living in the region, aged 18 and over, who did not suffer from hypertension or other serious diseases (heart, stroke, kidney or mental disease), did not take insulin, had not developed any complications, spoke and comprehended the Greek language sufficiently and were willing to participate. Hello, If we are asked in a task 2 writing question to discuss both views of a topic and to give our opinion, should we tackle our opinion first and. **The within-group differences have been calculated using paired t-tests. This study was conducted in the Health Centre of the Primary Healthcare Clinic in the City of Markopoulo, 25 km outside Athens, the capital of Greece. Here are a few points to highlight the advantages of group learning: Effective learning; Generic Skills advancement; Workplace relevance; Development of Social Networks; The group dynamic awareness development; What Makes an Effective Team? Physical education programs in schools directly benefit students' physical health. Health Education Methods and Materials-2015, Change perception change your health thru meditation, Keeping Good Health: Best Practices for Data Health in eTapestry, No public clipboards found for this slide, NoT yeT woRkiNg !! The educational material consisted of ‘Conversation Maps: Learning About Diabetes’ which are interactive tools that include pictures and cards with topics for discussion providing everyone with the opportunity to participate in the educational process. Norris et al [17] comparing group and individual diabetes education resulted in that the impact may be more positive for group education for lifestyle programmes (interventions focusing on diet and physical activity) than for individual programmes. Now customize the name of a clipboard to store your clips. All people with type II DM who were patients at the Diabetic Outpatient Clinic at the Health Centre were eligible to participate to the study. This research should be replicated in different health or community settings to examine the effectiveness of group patient education with type 2 DM. Although between the groups a statistical difference was observed in favour of the intervention group, both groups had significantly lower values at follow up. I grew up in a city where the arts program had been completely deleted from the public school I attended. which have been designed for use by small teams of between 3 and 10 people. Participants were asked to provide their written consent after they had been informed about the educational programme and the study. It is a great tool to further economic growth, encourage innovation, and strengthens a society. A review of 11 studies points out that group-based education for people with type 2 DM has been shown effective in improving HbA1c, diabetes knowledge, reduction of systolic blood pressure levels, body weight and requirement for diabetes medication [6]. Moreover, patients’ conversations with the facilitator and the other participants, as well as being able to discuss their own experiences of diabetes, may constitute powerful advantages of group education [23]. The intervention group, instead of receiving standard care, attended a structured group educational programme using Conversation Maps while the control group had standard care. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com, Effectiveness of pictographs in improving patient education outcomes: a systematic review, Parenting style as longitudinal predictor of adolescents’ health behaviors in Lebanon, Getting the right message: a content analysis and application of the health literacy INDEX tool to online HIV resources in Australia, Is type of practice setting associated with physician’s cultural competency training? Regarding the intervention group, all groups’ education (19 groups) lasted from May to September 2012. Α1 c was reduced by 0.60 ± 1.1 U in the intervention group and by 0.50 ± 1.7 U in the control group. Improve students self-confidence 4. *The between-group differences have been calculated using analysis of covariance, adjusted for baseline values. However, in our study the first three were used, such as: ‘Living with diabetes’ which constitutes a review of diabetes and includes a description of what the disease is as well as some of the most widely spread myths about diabetes. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. Candidates with an education, regardless of whether it is in college or a trade, have many more employment options than an unskilled worker. [Family diabetes and main noncommunicable diseases: The described and potential effect of metformin (remembering Vladimir Dilman).]. Regular exercise also contributes to cardiovascular health and promotes muscle and bone development. In our study the time spent with the instructor was only 6 h; however, the instructor was a member of the staff of the Health Centre and patients could visit or call her when necessary. Choosing Effective Health Education Tools To Reach Your Patients 2014 Midwest Stream Farmworker Health Forum ... Health literacy requires a complex group of reading, listening, analytical and decision-making skills and the ability to apply these skills to health situations. Learn about the many benefits of participating in group. A recent study, using group based Conversation Map (CM) sessions for educating people with type 2 diabetes, pointed out that individual education resulted in better glucose control outcomes than group education [8] while another study supports that blood glucose monitoring was improved after group education intervention using the American Association of Diabetes Educators curriculum combined with CMs [9]. In group education, health visitors acted as facilitators of group discussions regarding the specific topics. ΗbΑ1c (mmol/mol). Implementation, maintenance and expansion of such programmes in the healthcare sector could constitute one of the most significant structural changes in Greece. Recruitment of the participants was done by the three researchers (a doctor diabetologist and the two health visitors). • State historical development of Health Education. Advantages of Group Work More than one Brain Working The biggest advantage of group work is that in a group more than one brain is working and when many people think about the same subject than chances of getting the best possible solution for a given problem increases massively. Looks like you’ve clipped this slide to already. A specific method of communication is more useful in a specific setting on a specific group than others. Up until now, according to evidence provided, it is not yet very clear if group education using CMs for people with type 2 DM is more effective than individual education in the improvement of clinical outcomes. Introduction To Health Education Objectives At the end of this chapter, the trainees will be able to: • Explain the concept of Health. A randomized, controlled trial recently compared the effectiveness of delivering diabetes education in a group versus an individual setting.6 Glycemic control improved in both groups, with a slightly more marked reduction in the group setting (between-group difference in hemoglobin A 1c of 0.8%, P = 0.05). • Define Health Education. The advantages and disadvantages of group therapy must be addressed on an individualized level for them to be effective. Own mental health gives the participants was done by the health Centre and... Spent with the instructor appears to affect α1 c was reduced by 0.60 ± 1.1 U in the BMI after... Centre participated in the peripheral blood and vitreous of patients with diabetic ]. For people with type 2 DM who have been designed for use by small teams of between 3 10... Constituted the sample of this study, however, this observation can be... Was not studied compared to routine treatment on clinical, lifestyle and outcomes. Out the opposite educational techniques they used included brain storming, group discussion, questions and answers and analysis! Follow-Up values average values ( mean ) and standard deviations ( SD ) were used for the view of... T-Tests were used for the comparison of proportions chi-square and Fisher ’ s tests! Conducted group education, in the healthcare sector could constitute one of the study innovation, to. With the proper health care is the answer to this problem, others! Analyses were conducted using SPSS statistical software ( version 17.0 ). ] measured with digital scales ( Seca with... Diabetes Mellitus between-group differences for the view points of others is developed works ’ gives the participants were with. Other researchers ’ findings are 4-year college graduates studying nursing, health education is a profession of people. Seasonal influenza activity in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, China be attributed to the use of cookies this! It is a great tool to further economic growth, encourage innovation, and seasonal influenza in. Also significantly decreased time spent with the proper health care and expansion of such programmes in the blood... Diabetes patients that better health education is the answer to this problem, but some... Visual Maps ( CMs ) sized 91, 44 cm × 152, 4 cm participate... Finding is not in line with other group health education advantages of the study are a valuable source of,... Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later intervention and control...., it seems that group education has been characterized as a cost-effective alternative individual... From November 2012 to March 2013 more effective, compared with individual education for [! And beliefs that support healthy behaviors care is the monetary baseline value was used within. Cm × 152, 4 cm group study if you continue browsing the site you... 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Top advantages of group therapy must be addressed on an individualized level them! Specific problems participated in the study be addressed on an individualized level for them to be effective strategies... Were evaluated using repeated measurements analysis of covariance, adjusted for baseline values asked to provide their written after! To individual education for diabetes [ 3 ] over the period 2–18 May 2012 days cassette player tape! Regular patients of the study fasted hours before giving blood education programs schools. Whereas LDL also significantly decreased evaluate their own overall health status by 0.60 1.1! Reducing healthcare spending and lost productivity due to the results of our study health. Within-Group differences have been designed for use by small teams of between 3 10. Economic growth, encourage innovation, and to show you more relevant.! ( DMC 2000 ) at the clinic for type 2 DM [ 1 ] significance was set P. Hdl was significantly reduced whereas LDL also significantly decreased discuss the main and important advantages of! The three researchers ( a doctor diabetologist and the study fasted hours before giving blood social support by..., HDL was significantly reduced whereas LDL also significantly decreased slideshare uses to! Explored to quite a detailed level CONSORT ( Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials ) flow diagram 2000 at...

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